National Down Syndrome Day – South Africa

National Down Syndrome Day is commemorated to create awareness about down syndrome and to communicate facts about the condition.

What is Down syndrome?

Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder arising at conception. There is an extra number 21 chromosome (Trisomy 21) which causes delays in physical and intellectual development

Facts about down syndrome:

* People with Down syndrome have mild to moderate mental damage.

* The cause of Down syndrome is not related to age, race, religion or socio-economic situations.

* One in 1 000 babies born in developed countries and 1 in 650 babies born in developing countries is affected by down syndrome.

* 80% of children affected by Down syndrome are born from mothers under the age of 35, although women over the age of 35 are at a higher risk of having a child with Down syndrome.

* Although Down syndrome cannot be cured, there is a variety of medical care to treat problems associated with the disease.

* Children with Down syndrome can be included in normal schools with regular academic procedures.

* People with Down syndrome can live up to the age of 50 to 55.

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